The princess cut (technical name ‘square modified brilliant’) is a diamond cut shape often used in engagement rings. The name dates back to the 1960s, while the princess cut as it exists was created by Betazel Ambar and Israel Itzkowitz in 1980. The cut has a square or rectangular shape when viewed from above, and from the side is similar to that of an inverted pyramid with four beveled sides. Its popularity was at its highest in the 80s and 90s, though its popularity was high in the 2000s as well. It is the second most popular diamond cut, below round and above cushion.
The name ‘princess cut’ was applied in the 1960s to a cut created by Arpad Nagy called the profile cut. Following this, more square cuts were given the name. These include the barion cut and the quadrillion cut, which were precursors to the current princess cut. The princess cut was created by Betazel Ambar and Israel Itzkowitz in 1980. It is one of the newest diamond shapes.
The face-up shape of the princess cut (technical name ‘square modified brilliant’ is square or rectangular and the profile or side-on shape is similar to that of an inverted pyramid with four beveled sides. The design is particularly feminine. When looked down on, it bares an X shape. They are slightly less expensive and less cut than round diamonds. The sharp points of the diamond make it more prone to damage. The number of chevrons can affect the overall outlook of a princess cut diamond. This can usually be determined by the wire diagram that is plotted in diamond grading reports. The princess cut had its origins in the early “French” cut.